Behavioural Therapies are based on the way we think and the way we behave. Cognitive behavioural therapy aims to improve our emotional mood by changing our thoughts and our behaviour. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) combines cognitive and behavioural therapies.
Behavioural Therapy focuses on an individual’s learnt / conditioned behaviour and how this can be changed. The approach assumes that if a behaviour can be learnt, then it can be reconditioned for dealing with issues such as addictions or/and phobias.
Cognitive Therapy deals with thoughts and perceptions and how these can affect feelings and behaviour. By reassessing negative thoughts we can learn more positive, flexible ways of thinking, which can ultimately affect our feelings and behaviour towards those thoughts.
The approach focuses on emotions, thoughts, physical sensations and actions and teaches clients how each one can have an affect on the other. CBT is useful for dealing with a number of issues, including depression, anxiety and phobias. Unlike other forms of psychotherapy, CBT focuses specifically on the problems and difficulties in the present, rather than issues based in the past.